Essays on Mergers and Acquisitions and Trade on Innovations
The general themes of this dissertation are related to mergers and acquisitions (M&As) and technology transfers between firms. In the analysis of M&As I explore the factors which make the firm become either and acquirer or a target. Analysing the motives of M&As, I address the question as to whether technogloy transfers are involved in them. The regional aspects related to M&As are also examined. I believe that a geographical distance between an acquirer and a target firm plays a major role. I first consider only domestic M&As and the scope is then enlarged to cover cross-border M&As, too. After the motives of M&As have been analysed, attention is focused on the impacts of those transfers. I consider the employment impacts of M&As more closely, and I also consider M&A-type-specific differences in them. Finally, I focus on the framework in which firms trade on innovation. In this determines whether firms specialize to provide new knowledge either only in-houseor out-house, or do both at the same time. In addition, within this framework the implications of the market structure and trade on innovations regarding the impacts of public R&D support are discussed.
Keywords: The motives and impacts of mergers and acquisitions (M&As), technology transfers, the regional aspects of M&As, trading innovations
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