We organise seminars for researchers on Wednesdays from 10am to 11am. Labore seminars will be arranged on-site, hybrid or Teams. The seminars will be held at Economicum (Arkadiankatu 7), seminar room, 4th floor.
28.9. Rodrigo Oliveira(UNU-WIDER): The impacts of studying abroad: evidence from a massive government-sponsored scholarship program in Brazil (on-site only / paikan päällä).
This paper investigates the impacts of studying abroad by examining the effects of the Science without Borders (Ciˆencia sem Fronteiras – CSF) program in Brazil. The program was launched in 2011 to promote student and professional exchange in the STEM fields through a substantial increase in the supply of scholarships for Brazilians to carry out part of their undergraduate studies abroad. Our empirical strategy exploits variation in the approval rate across CSF selection calls for the same destination country and year to create an instrumental variable. We combine seventeen public and private administrative records to track the post-university outcomes of CSF candidates. The main results suggest that the program had a negative impact on postgraduate enrollment, and on the probability of having a formal job. We found no impacts on wages and on being a firm partner or owner. Delayed graduation seems to be an important mechanism to explain the results.
- 5.10. Michele Cantarella (Helsingin yo): Does language prevent policy implementation? Evidence from the Italian Start-up Act
Does ethnolinguistic diversity prevent policy implementation? The Italian Start-up Act of 2012 is an ideal policy to investigate this question. The Act sets up a scheme of benefits which young firms can access by registering as “innovative start-up” on a voluntary basis. Due to the ethnolinguistic divide in Trentino-Alto Adige, we find that firms with German-named CEOs are less likely to register as start-ups than firms with Italian-named CEOs, while performing similarly in the years preceding the introduction of the policy. These findings are robust to regional heterogeneity correlated with surname origin. We exploit these asymmetries as an exogenous source of access to the benefit scheme. Our findings suggest that registered start-ups do not perform any better than comparable unregistered firms.
- 12.10. Min Zhu (Hanken): Anti-dumping and Product Quality.
- 26.10. Michele Cantarella (Helsingin yo): Piecework and job search in the platform economy
Unpaid work in the form of task search is a defining feature of jobs in the platform economy. Workers in these markets spend hours waiting for tasks to become available within the platform. Overwhelming empirical evidence seems to suggest that, once search activity is accounted for, these workers would end up working more than they wish. Is this a puzzling outcome explained by a backward-bending labour supply curve, or is it due to the uncertainty arising from job search? In this paper, we test these hypotheses making use of a new dataset on on-location and online platform workers from the EU, employing a difference-in-differences strategy to estimate a search-adjusted labour supply elasticity. We find that search and uncertainty play a central role in inflating hours of work, revealing a positive inelastic wage elasticity for all types of platforms. These results suggest that unpaid work might be an endemic source of employer surplus even within traditionally regulated markets.
- 2.11. Hannu Karhunen (Labore): If you charge them will they come? The effect of levying tuition fees on international students
- 9.11. Jussipekka Salo (Helsingin yo): TBA
- 23.11. Ohto Kanninen (Labore): TBA