Does higher education enhance migration?

Working Papers 287 Petri Böckerman, Mika Haapanen

This paper examines the causal impact of education on within-country migration. A major higher education reform took place in Finland in the 1990s. It gradually transformed former vocational colleges into polytechnics and expanded higher education to all regions. The reform created exogenous variation in the regional supply of higher education. Using the reform as an instrument, our estimation results show that polytechnic graduates have a 7.5 (13.7) percentage points higher migration probability during a three-year (six-year) follow-up period than vocational college graduates.

Keyword: Migration; Higher education; Vocational education; Polytechnic education; School reform

Published: 1.11.2013
JEL: J10, J61, I20, R23
ISBN: 978-952-209-125-3 (pdf)
ISSN: 1795-1801 (pdf)
Publication (PDF)