Empirical Macroeconomic Model of the Finnish Economy (EMMA)
This paper provides a review of the empirical macroeconomic model (EMMA) built for forecasting purposes at the Finnish Labour Institute for Economic Research. The model is quite small, consisting of 71 endogenous and 70 exogenous variables. The number of behavioural equations is 15. The basis of the model is Keynesian, although the model has some novel properties. They are the treatment of the supply side and prices that follow the routes of the neoclassical synthesis. The parameters of the model are estimated from quarterly data that cover the years 1990-2005. The model also contains a Kalman-filtered variable to control the deep recession in Finland at the beginning of the ’90s. This special feature brings the model closer to the new calibrated models.